La Boina Roja

Linux, the struggles are real!


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How to play vids on Reddit, Facebook, Twitter etc. etc.

If you can wonder why you can play vids on youtube, but need to  do additional shit to play vids on sites like Reddit, Facebook, Twitter etc. I will basically give you two words HTML5 and h264, don’t bother asking me anything about those subjects  photo talktothehand.gif

I had to Google like crazy to find the solution, hence I am creating a post. Credit goes to gman1  photo worshippy.gif he shared his solution on here. I was drunk (yeah I know  photo talktothehand.gif go fuck yourself now) when I fixed the problem. So the usual screenshots, are missing  photo emo.gif

What you basically have to do is, fire up terminal paste the following code and follow the instructions on your screen.

su

When asked type your password. Then type the following commands:

dnf install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/{free/fedora/rpmfusion-free,nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree}-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm
dnf install ffmpeg-libs compat-ffmpeg28
dnf install gstreamer1-libav gstreamer1-plugins-ugly


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How to change permissions on an external drive

Yes I am back again, and yes this how-to sucks major ass. But fuck it, I wrote it for ME not for you  photo fpuh.gif It took me way too fucking long to figure out, how to change the permissions on my new external 1TB hard drive  photo piangry.gif  After formatting and mounting it, the fuckface turned out to be read only. I formatted the drive to ext4, yes I love pain in the ass, how did you guess  photo emo.gif Anyways, here we go:

First find out what the new drive is called, we do this by typing:

 sudo fdisk -l

When asked, type your password.

finddriveIn my case the external hard drive is /dev/sdb1, then you need to find /dev/sdb1‘s mountpoint.

Type:

lsblk

mount

Now we know /dev/sdb1‘s mountpoint, we can type

sudo chown -R username:username /path/to/mounted/drive

Which in my specific case would look like:

sudo chown -R roja:roja /run/media/roja/6e197c29-4c0a-4172-a802-fe3068801a89/

Don’t worry peepz  photo emo.gif I used tab completion.

writing

After you typed your password, there will be no screen activity. But trust me, you can write + x to your external hard drive now  photo honger.gif

(The last command will change the owner and group of all the files on the drive, so be aware. I was so pissed in figuring this out, I didn’t give a fuck  photo emo.gif Also you can always do the cliccie for a larger piccie  photo puh2.gif)


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Inserting “stuff” in vi files

Yeah, I know a very professional title, it is also very clear  photo emo.gif Look, I just wrote it on here to be sure I won’t lose it. Also, it might be useful to someone else.

:r newfile.txt

Reads in newfile.txt in the current file, you can use TAB completion

:r!date

Puts the date in a file; ! reads the output of a command

:5, 22s /^/  /

Adds to two spaces before line 5 until 22, there two spaces in between the last two /.

Please, don’t ask questions about this, I don’t know what I am doing  photo shutup.gif


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How to create a .vimrc file and a .vim directory

As you might now Vim is highly configurable, Vim is configured through it’s configuration file called .vimrc. The thing with this file is, it doesn’t come pre-installed, you have to create it yourself, preferably in you r home directory. Want to know what/where your home directory is?

Type

echo $HOME

echohome

You might have noticed the .vimrc file starts with a dot, meaning it is a hidden file. If you type

ls -a

It will show you all the hidden files and directories, as you can see I don’t have a .vimrc file yet.

ls-a

Let’s create a .vimrc file

touch ~/.vimrc

This command will ensure that I will create a .vimrc in my home directory no matter which directory I am currently in. There might not be any screen activity going on while creating the .vimrc file, but trust me it is created.

touchvimrc

If you want to mess around with Vim color schemes then you need to have .vim directory in your home directory. Just like the .vimrc file, the .vim directory is hidden and you need create it yourself again preferably in your home directory

mkdir ~/.vim

This command ensures that the directory will be created in the home directory regardless of what directory you are in.

mkdirvim

Now the output of ls -a looks like this:

lsavim

As you can see both the .vimrc file and .vim directory have been created.

*****WARNING****

I know there is a vimrc file in /etcetcvimrc

DON’T.MESS.IN.THERE.YOU.WILL.BE.FUCKED  photo frusty.gif  photo frusty.gif  photo frusty.gif

If you insist on seeing the contents of that file type

cat /etc/vimrc

(Remember, you can always do the cliccie for a larger piccie  photo puh2.gif Disclaimer: For the sake of this tutorial I used Konsole normally I am a tty person only these days.)


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How to change Vim’s default color scheme on Fedora

That should be technically speaking relatively “easy” (notice the quotation marks  photo emo.gif?). All you have to do is open en Vim en type:

:colo torte

(torte is one of Vim’s default colorschemes, meaning this scheme is preinstalled with Vim. You can find a listing of default colorschemes here.)

But then this shit happens you get,  the “E185: Cannot find color scheme ‘torte’ photo piangry.gif

colotorte

Now what???? I am ashamed to say that figuring this problem out took me DAYS. Yes people you are reading it correctly it took me fucking DAYS  photo bonk.gif to find out what was going on.

Here is the thing, apparently Fedora comes with a minimal install of Vim, which is very close to Vi. If you want to mess around with color schemes you have to install vim-enchanced. And how does one install vim-enhanced? By typing:

su -c “dnf install -y vim-enhanced”

vimenhancedinstall

When it asks for password, it is asking for your root password.

After installation is completed, open Vim and then type the following command:

:colo torte

The colorscheme will be set to torte!

(Remember, you can always do the cliccie for a larger piccie  photo puh2.gif Disclaimer: For the sake of this tutorial I used Konsole normally I am a tty person only these days.)


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How to move pages up and down in tty in Fedora

Yes, people this lady is becoming a tty junkie  photo shiny.gif I prefer it over Konsole and now I am so glad I went through the pain ( photo emo.gif) of learning basics of Vim. There is no need for me to leave tty now, besides from doing obvious Desktop Environment thingies.

If you want to move a page up:

Shift + Page Up

I would like to point out the amount you of pages you can go up is limited  photo piidea.gif In my case I can go up like 8 pages, I’ve heard you can edit this by editing your .bashrc file. When I discover how to do that, I’ll write a how-to  photo nodding.gif

If you want to move a page down:

Shift + Page Down

Let’s say you have moved 5 pages up, but you don’t want to press Shift + Page Down four times to go back to the last page. If you press:

Shift + End

or

Shift + Home

you’ll get back to the last page, from what ever page you currently are.

You could also hit:

Ctrl+l

this clears the screen.