La Boina Roja

Linux, the struggles are real!


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How to install IDLE 3 in Fedora

Today was on odd day, I got two requests. One was if I was willing to sell my used panties  photo what.gif the other was if I can make a tutorial on how to install IDLE 3. In case you wonder  photo emo.gifthese 2 requests came from two different people. I declined the request to sell my used panties but decided to grant the request regarding IDLE 3.

Fedora these days comes with Python 2 AND Python 3 preinstalled.  You can check it for yourself.

To see if you if Python 2 is installed, fire up terminal and type:

python

Python 2 will open, as you can see below:

python2

To exit Python 2 type:

ctrl+d

To check if you have Python 3 type:

python3

python3

You exit Python 3 the same way as Python 2.

For Python 2 you need IDLE, for Python 3 you need IDLE 3. Yep, seperate IDLEs for different Pythons photo clown.gif If you want to install IDLE read this post. For IDLE 3 follow instructions below.

To install IDLE 3 open terminal and type:

su

When asked type your password. Then:

dnf install python3-tools

intallidle3

After IDLE 3 is installed, to open it you need open terminal and type:

idle3

openingidle3Notice how you don’t have to be root to open IDLE 3?

****WARNING!****

Don’t close terminal while having IDLE3 open, if you do so it will close IDLE3 too!

Remember, you can always do the cliccie for a larger piccie  photo puh2.gif


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How to enter BIOS or the boot menu on a Dell

Right now I own 2 Dell laptops, yes I am quite the Dell fan  photo worshippy.gif It is very easy to buy the business line second hand. Those laptops are often still in a very good condition. And I love how easy Linux runs on a Dell, can’t say that for other brands I owned  photo eerie.gif

I right now own these two models:

  • Dell E5250 (bought new a couple of years ago, download user manual here)
  • Dell E7250 (bought second hand last week, download user manual here)

Yes I love 12’5 inches photo yummie.gif

To enter the BIOS press (I think you need to be “On Legacy” for this to work).

F2

To enter the boot menu, which also gives you access to BIOS hit

F12

You should hit either of these buttons during start up the moment you see the Dell logo. For the love of God, don’t wait for the computer to be fully started up  photo facepalm.gif

****WARNING****

BIOS is NOT the place to clown around. Don’t go there unless you really HAVE to. Fucking around in BIOS (you know like modding it photo emo.gif) is THE way to turn your laptop in a useless brick!

I am not going deeper into the UEFI and BIOS thingy, that is not the aim off this blog. Basically UEFI is the hot new BIOS but everyone still calls it BIOS  photo pigrin.gif You can read a thing or two about it regarding Fedora here.


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How to play vids on Reddit, Facebook, Twitter etc. etc.

If you can wonder why you can play vids on youtube, but need to  do additional shit to play vids on sites like Reddit, Facebook, Twitter etc. I will basically give you two words HTML5 and h264, don’t bother asking me anything about those subjects  photo talktothehand.gif

I had to Google like crazy to find the solution, hence I am creating a post. Credit goes to gman1  photo worshippy.gif he shared his solution on here. I was drunk (yeah I know  photo talktothehand.gif go fuck yourself now) when I fixed the problem. So the usual screenshots, are missing  photo emo.gif

What you basically have to do is, fire up terminal paste the following code and follow the instructions on your screen.

su

When asked type your password. Then type the following commands:

dnf install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/{free/fedora/rpmfusion-free,nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree}-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm
dnf install ffmpeg-libs compat-ffmpeg28
dnf install gstreamer1-libav gstreamer1-plugins-ugly


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How to change permissions on an external drive

Yes I am back again, and yes this how-to sucks major ass. But fuck it, I wrote it for ME not for you  photo fpuh.gif It took me way too fucking long to figure out, how to change the permissions on my new external 1TB hard drive  photo piangry.gif  After formatting and mounting it, the fuckface turned out to be read only. I formatted the drive to ext4, yes I love pain in the ass, how did you guess  photo emo.gif Anyways, here we go:

First find out what the new drive is called, we do this by typing:

 sudo fdisk -l

When asked, type your password.

finddriveIn my case the external hard drive is /dev/sdb1, then you need to find /dev/sdb1‘s mountpoint.

Type:

lsblk

mount

Now we know /dev/sdb1‘s mountpoint, we can type

sudo chown -R username:username /path/to/mounted/drive

Which in my specific case would look like:

sudo chown -R roja:roja /run/media/roja/6e197c29-4c0a-4172-a802-fe3068801a89/

Don’t worry peepz  photo emo.gif I used tab completion.

writing

After you typed your password, there will be no screen activity. But trust me, you can write + x to your external hard drive now  photo honger.gif

(The last command will change the owner and group of all the files on the drive, so be aware. I was so pissed in figuring this out, I didn’t give a fuck  photo emo.gif Also you can always do the cliccie for a larger piccie  photo puh2.gif)


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How to create a .vimrc file and a .vim directory

As you might now Vim is highly configurable, Vim is configured through it’s configuration file called .vimrc. The thing with this file is, it doesn’t come pre-installed, you have to create it yourself, preferably in you r home directory. Want to know what/where your home directory is?

Type

echo $HOME

echohome

You might have noticed the .vimrc file starts with a dot, meaning it is a hidden file. If you type

ls -a

It will show you all the hidden files and directories, as you can see I don’t have a .vimrc file yet.

ls-a

Let’s create a .vimrc file

touch ~/.vimrc

This command will ensure that I will create a .vimrc in my home directory no matter which directory I am currently in. There might not be any screen activity going on while creating the .vimrc file, but trust me it is created.

touchvimrc

If you want to mess around with Vim color schemes then you need to have .vim directory in your home directory. Just like the .vimrc file, the .vim directory is hidden and you need create it yourself again preferably in your home directory

mkdir ~/.vim

This command ensures that the directory will be created in the home directory regardless of what directory you are in.

mkdirvim

Now the output of ls -a looks like this:

lsavim

As you can see both the .vimrc file and .vim directory have been created.

*****WARNING****

I know there is a vimrc file in /etcetcvimrc

DON’T.MESS.IN.THERE.YOU.WILL.BE.FUCKED  photo frusty.gif  photo frusty.gif  photo frusty.gif

If you insist on seeing the contents of that file type

cat /etc/vimrc

(Remember, you can always do the cliccie for a larger piccie  photo puh2.gif Disclaimer: For the sake of this tutorial I used Konsole normally I am a tty person only these days.)


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How to change Vim’s default color scheme on Fedora

That should be technically speaking relatively “easy” (notice the quotation marks  photo emo.gif?). All you have to do is open en Vim en type:

:colo torte

(torte is one of Vim’s default colorschemes, meaning this scheme is preinstalled with Vim. You can find a listing of default colorschemes here.)

But then this shit happens you get,  the “E185: Cannot find color scheme ‘torte’ photo piangry.gif

colotorte

Now what???? I am ashamed to say that figuring this problem out took me DAYS. Yes people you are reading it correctly it took me fucking DAYS  photo bonk.gif to find out what was going on.

Here is the thing, apparently Fedora comes with a minimal install of Vim, which is very close to Vi. If you want to mess around with color schemes you have to install vim-enchanced. And how does one install vim-enhanced? By typing:

su -c “dnf install -y vim-enhanced”

vimenhancedinstall

When it asks for password, it is asking for your root password.

After installation is completed, open Vim and then type the following command:

:colo torte

The colorscheme will be set to torte!

(Remember, you can always do the cliccie for a larger piccie  photo puh2.gif Disclaimer: For the sake of this tutorial I used Konsole normally I am a tty person only these days.)